It is the Green Party’s policy to have a Citizen’s Income – an unconditional set allowance for all citizens. This is a policy that I agree with, and while I am standing against Paul Jeater from the Green Party in the General Election in May of this year, I think it is right for rival politicians to work together when they have similar views and not simply disagree for the sake of it. To quote from the Green Party’s website:
EC730 A Citizen’s Income sufficient to cover an individual’s basic needs will be introduced, which will replace tax-free allowances and most social security benefits (see EC711). A Citizen’s Income is an unconditional, non-withdrawable income payable to each individual as a right of citizenship. It will not be subject to means testing and there will be no requirement to be either working or actively seeking work.
EC731 The Citizens’ Income will eliminate the unemployment and poverty traps, as well as acting as a safety net to enable people to choose their own types and patterns of work (See EC400). The Citizens’ Income scheme will thus enable the welfare state to develop towards a welfare community, engaging people in personally satisfying and socially useful work.
EC732 When the Citizens’ Income is introduced it is intended that nobody will be in a position that they will receive less through the scheme than they were entitled to under the previous benefits system. Children will be entitled to a reduced amount which will be payable to a parent or legal guardian. People with disabilities or special needs, and single parents will receive a supplement.
EC733 Initially, the housing benefit system will remain in place alongside the Citizens’ Income and will be extended to cover contributions towards mortgage repayments (see HO602). This will subsequently be reviewed to establish how housing benefit could be incorporated into the Citizen’s Income, taking into account the differences in housing costs between different parts of the country and different types of housing.”
This Citizen’s Income would obviously go to the very rich as well as those who really need it, but readjusting the income tax brackets accordingly would effectively cancel this out. This would be simpler than means testing, and because everyone would receive it regardless of their personal circumstances, there would not be any stigma attached to receiving it.
But wouldn’t this encourage people not to work? I don’t think it would. People out of work do in most cases receive money from the state anyway, and the Citizen’s Income simply guarantees this and removes any uncertainty. More importantly, most people out of work do want a job, and not just because it means they wouldn’t have to make regular trips to the job centre. The lecturer in this video discusses and rebuts the potential problems such as the possibility that people might decide not to work. In summary, he says that most people are worried that other people would give up work, but that this worry is misplaced because very few would want to give up work themselves.
Since humans took up agriculture thousands of years ago and settled in permanent locations, we have been able to produce goods more effectively and haven’t all had to spend our lives simply hunting or foraging for food and making sure we have some sort of shelter for the night. This is why nowadays most people have jobs that seem to have no connection to making things that are essential to our survival. Given this excess, we should all be able to live with a certain amount of comfort and without every person having to be in work at any given time. And yet, many people still live in poverty.
On top of this, we’re told that people have been getting exponentially wealthier, so why is it then that people still have to work the same number of hours just to have enough to get by? Well, even if the average wealth per person has gone up, inequality has been increasing, so this means that many people haven’t seen any increase in their own personal wealth, while those at the top have taken more than their fair share.
The Citizen’s Income should go some way to addressing this by providing everyone with this basic minimum allowance. By having a Citizen’s Income, people would be able to pick where to work without being forced into undesirable and exploitative jobs through necessity, and they would be freer to choose their own paths in life. There is enough wealth in the country to allow for this, but it is currently very poorly distributed. It is time for this to change.